Current situation and Countermeasures of fire prev

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The current situation and Countermeasures of fire prevention technology audit of construction projects

at present, compositeadvantage company of public security fire engines at all levels in China, located in Dayton, Ohio, USA, provides injection molded span glass fiber structures. In the fire prevention technology audit of construction projects, it follows the "Regulations on the supervision and audit management of fire protection of construction projects" formulated by the Ministry of public security in 1996. Since the implementation of the "Regulations", it has been important to standardize the fire protection design of construction projects Improving the fire-fighting facilities of construction projects has played a great role in fundamentally eliminating the hidden dangers of building fires, and has made an indelible contribution to maintaining the fire-fighting safety of construction projects in China. However, with the rapid development of China's economy, all kinds of high-rise buildings and large-scale public buildings are no longer the patents of big cities. High-end hotels and other large-scale public buildings have been built in county-level cities and economically developed towns and villages. In addition, all parts of the country are currently implementing the economic development policy of "large-scale investment attraction and development", which requires a thorough reform of administrative approval matters and the continuous introduction of various preferential policies, Simplify the administrative examination and approval procedures, which has formed a huge pressure on the fire supervision work of China's grass-roots public security fire protection institutions. If we continue to implement the original regulations without timely changes, it will inevitably not keep up with the pace of economic development and have a negative impact on economic development. In recent years, although the Fire Department of the Ministry of public security and the provinces and cities have successively issued some regulations, simplifying the audit procedure and shortening the time limit for the conclusion of the audit, there is still no major change in the audit procedure, and the limitations of the regulations have gradually emerged. Especially in the relatively underdeveloped areas. To sum up, there are the following aspects:

first, the current hierarchical management system of fire audit of construction projects has defects. Taking our province as an example, it is stipulated that construction projects with a construction area of more than 5000 square meters and equipped with automatic fire-fighting facilities must be reported to the municipal public security and fire-fighting institutions for review. The reason for this provision is mainly considering that the development of public clusters at all levels means that more resources can be shared, and the gap in the strength of construction and audit technicians of safety and fire protection institutions can ensure the technical standards in the process of construction and audit, so as to prevent major technical errors in the process of audit; Moreover, when formulating this system, most of these projects were concentrated in large and medium-sized cities. However, with the rapid development of China's economy and the rapid development of county and township economy, how can the blueprint of "smart home" of high-rise buildings and large-scale public buildings become a reality? Construction: Taking Liaocheng City as an example, located in the economically underdeveloped area of Western Shandong, the city has built more than 100 high-rise buildings, more than 40 public buildings and large industrial plants with an area of more than 10000 square meters, which are distributed in the urban area and counties (cities, districts). According to the current regulations, all these projects should be submitted to the Municipal Public Security Fire Protection Agency for review, resulting in such a situation: the municipal fire protection agency reviews the project and directly delivers it to the construction unit after the review, while the county-level public security fire protection agency plays only an intermediary role in it. Because the construction and review personnel of the county-level Fire Protection Agency jc/t993 ⑵ 006 "expanded polyethylene board plaster mortar for external wall external insulation" do not understand the project design In addition, due to the limitation of business level, it is difficult to carry out construction inspection on such projects within the jurisdiction; However, due to the large volume of business and busy work, the construction reviewers of municipal fire protection institutions cannot supervise and inspect the projects under construction in time, and can only carry out the acceptance according to the original design at the completion of the project. Often, the construction unit makes unauthorized changes to the fire protection design of the project because it is not familiar with the fire protection technical specifications or because of the use of functions or construction funds, resulting in the formation of congenital fire hazards in some construction projects, Even if it is pointed out in time at the time of acceptance, its rectification is also quite difficult, which has brought a considerable part of unnecessary trouble

the second is that there are few professionals in construction and audit, and there are many things to do. A new pattern of joint management has not been formed in the whole society. At present, due to staffing and other problems, the phenomenon of less personnel and more tasks is common in all middle and small detachment. It is often the combination of construction audit, supervision and inspection, fire product management, legal system, publicity and fire control, which leads to lack of skills, and greatly affects the comprehensive and in-depth development of fire audit business of construction projects. In addition, local governments implement the joint office of administrative examination and approval, and after the one-stop examination and approval system, it is required to further shorten the approval time limit of construction projects. Therefore, on the one hand, the fire department is in the heavy task of examination and approval, on the other hand, in order to catch up with the progress, it is not allowed to have more time and energy to deeply study and solve the problems encountered in the work, and the problems raised are usually limited to the drawings, Lack of understanding of the actual conditions and on-site conditions of the construction project can easily leave hidden fire hazards. In addition, the construction and audit work is currently a lonely battle for the fire supervision organization. The urban management department and the construction unit do not perform their respective duties in accordance with the fire protection law, which is also one of the reasons for the current low quality of the construction and audit work. Some design units have not established an effective fire protection approval system, resulting in the flow of construction drawings that do not meet the fire protection requirements into the society. What's more, affected by the interest mechanism, after reselling the design qualification and receiving the so-called management fee, no one cares whether the design drawings of the affiliated units meet the fire protection design requirements. These inferior design drawings have brought many difficulties to the construction and examination work. In addition, the lax control of the urban construction management department, the issuance of construction permits and construction units to projects that do not meet the requirements of the construction review, and the failure to carry out construction in accordance with the construction drawings approved by the fire supervision organization are also one of the reasons for the low fire safety quality of the current construction projects

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