Current situation and development direction of pac

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The current situation and development direction of China's packaging machinery industry

I. overview of packaging machinery

packaging machinery is a major product of the packaging industry and plays a decisive role in the packaging industry. It provides the industry with necessary technical equipment to complete the packaging process of products. Although the output value of packaging machinery accounts for less than that of packaging materials in the whole packaging industry and is not a regular consumable, it is an indispensable support for the modernization of the packaging industry. It provides advanced technical equipment for the packaging industry to ensure that the packaging products are of high quality, high production efficiency, many varieties, good production environment, low production cost and small environmental pollution. Therefore, it obtains strong vitality and brings huge social and economic benefits. Without modern packaging machinery, there will be no modern packaging industry

the packaging machinery used to complete the packaging process can be divided into 11 categories, including filling machinery, filling machinery, sealing machinery, wrapping machinery, multifunctional packaging machinery, labeling machinery, cleaning machinery, drying machinery, sterilization machinery, binding machinery and container machinery, auxiliary packaging machinery and equipment, etc

packaging machinery used for processing packaging materials and containers can be divided into seven categories, including corrugated cardboard processing machinery, carton processing machinery, composite material processing machinery, bag making machinery, plastic hollow container processing machinery, metal container processing machinery, glass container processing machinery, etc. This kind of equipment includes machinery and equipment for manufacturing synthetic packaging materials, printing and container forming, and its output value is often higher than that of the previous type of packaging machinery. In the United States, it has become an independent industry, called conversion machinery, which means the machine that converts raw materials into packaging containers through processing, printing, molding, etc. Most of these equipment are Shanda production lines, which have high production efficiency and are closely related to technology and raw materials. The investment is large, but the benefit is good

as a professional machine, in addition to the general requirements of ordinary machines, packaging machinery also has the requirements of beautiful appearance, compact transmission device, stable operation, high precision and high production efficiency, so as to complete its own functions and meet the market demand

II. Overview of foreign packaging machinery industry

the United States, Japan, Germany and Italy are the four major packaging machinery powers in the world

the United States is a country with a long history of packaging machinery development in the world. It has already formed an independent and complete packaging machinery system, and its variety and output rank first in the world. For more than 10 years, the United States has always maintained its position as the world's largest producer and consumer of packaging machinery. Its products are mainly high, large, fine and advanced products. Machinery and computer are closely combined to realize electromechanical integrated control. Among the new mechanical products, the growth of molding, filling and sealing machines cannot rise fastest after loading to a certain load. Wrapping machines and film packaging machines account for 15% of the total market share, and carton sealing and packaging machines rank second in the market share. Since the early 1990s, the packaging machinery industry in the United States has maintained a good momentum of development

the domestic packaging machinery market in the United States is second to none in the world. All kinds of packaging machinery are mainly sold domestically. In 1998, the domestic consumption of packaging machinery in the United States accounted for 82%, and the export only accounted for 18% of the output value, but the export volume is large. Most of the packaging machinery manufacturers in the United States are attached to large packaging material factories, and their sales are also completely dependent on the parent company. China has become the sixth largest export market of American packaging machinery after Canada, Mexico, Japan, Britain and Germany

compared with the United States and Germany, Japan started late. Before the 1960s, packaging machinery manufacturers allowed more domestic enterprises to independently develop and produce high-end new chemical materials to enter the market as soon as possible. Less than 60 companies could only package candy, cigarettes, etc. The s was the initial stage of Japan's packaging machinery industry, and the output value increased rapidly. In the s, although the growth rate was not as high as that of the previous stage, the annual growth rate was still 13%. The s saw steady growth in stages. Microelectronics technology was successfully applied to the control of packaging machinery. Later, optical fiber technology, industrial robot technology and modular technology were applied to packaging machinery, reaching the level of high safety, unmanned operation and high productivity, which greatly improved its international market competitiveness. Therefore, from the 1960s to the early 1990s, Japan's packaging machinery industry has experienced rapid growth for more than 30 years, and has experienced the process of introduction -- elimination -- development

Japanese packaging machinery manufacturers are mainly small and medium-sized enterprises, with nearly 500 varieties of packaging machinery and more than 700 specifications. Packaging machinery is mainly small and medium-sized single machine, which has the advantages of small volume, high precision, easy installation, convenient operation and high degree of automation. Since the 1990s, technologies such as frequency conversion adjustment, photoelectric tracking, contactless electronic switch and dynamic data display have been applied to packaging machinery. A large part of Japanese packaging machinery is used in the field of food packaging, and the output value of food packaging machinery accounts for more than half of the total output value of packaging machinery

Japan's main market for packaging machinery is its own country, with exports accounting for only 10% of the output value. Asia is the main export market of Japanese packaging machinery. Since the 1990s, Japan's exports to China have increased significantly year by year. Since 1995, China has become the largest exporter of Japanese packaging machinery

Germany, Italy, Britain, Switzerland and France are all important countries producing packaging machinery in the world. A common feature of the packaging machinery industry in European countries is that the proportion of exports (the proportion of exports to output value) is very large. For example, Germany and Italy are nearly 80%, Switzerland is more than 9, so it can be said that 0%, and the export volume of the Netherlands is even greater than the output value, because the Netherlands is a very important trade entrepot in Europe

German packaging machinery is in a leading position in measurement, manufacturing and technical performance, especially beer and beverage filling equipment, which is famous all over the world for its high-speed, complete set, high degree of automation and good reliability. The packaging machinery produced by some large companies integrates machine electric instrument and microcomputer control, adopts photoelectric induction, is controlled by cursor, and is equipped with anti-static devices. Its large-scale automatic packaging machine can not only occupy the market and has a large loading volume, but also complete the processes of bag making, weighing, filling, vacuuming, sealing, etc. on a single machine. The German packaging machinery industry has been growing steadily for many years, with exports accounting for about 80%. Germany is the largest exporter of packaging machinery in the world

Italy is the second largest exporter of packaging machinery after Germany. Italian packaging machinery is mostly used in the food industry. It has the characteristics of excellent performance, elegant appearance and low price. The export proportion accounts for about 80%, and the United States is its largest export market. Since the 1990s, Italy's export volume of packaging machinery to China has increased rapidly. In 1995, China has jumped to the second place in Italy's export ranking

III. overview of China's packaging machinery industry

China's packaging machinery started late, and it was almost a blank when new China was founded. Only a few factories or workshops produced some simple manual packaging machines and tools, or provided repair services for a few imported machines. Before the 1980s, the development was slow, and only a few low-level packaging machinery could be produced, mainly in tobacco processing, sugar making, salt making, wine making and other industries. Packaging machinery did not become an independent industry, and there was no packaging machinery in the product catalogue published by the state

Since the 1980s, due to the reform and opening up, China's economy has developed rapidly, and the social demand for packaging machinery has been increasing. Market demand, government attention, policy guidance and active support have led to the rapid development of China's packaging machinery, with an average annual growth rate of more than 30%. In the 1990s, it is still growing at a rate of more than 20%. After more than 50 years of development, China's packaging machinery has become one of the top ten industries in the machinery industry. Both products and varieties have made remarkable achievements, providing a strong guarantee for the rapid development of China's packaging industry. In 2001, the national output of packaging machinery reached 533000 units (sets), with an output value of 19.55 billion yuan, accounting for 8.2% of the total output value of the national packaging industry. China has become one of the world's largest countries in the production and consumption of packaging machinery.

however, there are many problems in China's packaging machinery. First, there is a lack of macro-control, because the starting point of packaging machinery enterprises is low, "congenitally deficient" Moreover, it is difficult to make overall planning and macro guidance across departments. In terms of investment and development of new products, there is often a rush, resulting in low-level repeated disorderly competition. The second is the lack of capital investment, which is also common in the machinery industry. It is difficult to attract a large amount of capital investment and carry out a large number of technological transformation. Due to the lack of funds, the investment of enterprises in research and development accounts for less than 1% of the average sales, and it is impossible to produce, develop and research one generation. Due to the lack of technical reserves, the introduction of technology and the poor digestion and absorption work, the enterprise has few new products and lacks competitiveness. Third, there is a lack of professional and technical personnel. Due to the low profit of the packaging machinery industry, it is difficult to attract excellent technical talents, resulting in uneven talent teams, weak ability to independently develop products and innovate, and even weak ability to digest and absorb similar foreign products, resulting in the product being implemented for many years. These have restricted the development of the industry. At present, the export volume of China's packaging machinery is less than 5% of the total output value, but the import volume is roughly equivalent to the total output value

Jiangsu packaging machinery is a major product of the packaging industry, and its output value accounts for less than 10% of the total output value of the packaging industry in the province, roughly the same as the proportion of the national packaging machinery output value. It has the following characteristics: first, it started early. Jiangsu township enterprises started early and developed rapidly. Jiangsu packaging machinery enterprises are concentrated in economically developed Suzhou, Wuxi and Changzhou. Packaging machinery enterprises are gradually increasing along the Yangtze River, while there are few in Huaibei. Third, non-public sectors account for a significant proportion. With the deepening of reform and the expansion of opening up, the vast majority of packaging machinery enterprises in Jiangsu have become a private non-public economy through restructuring. At the same time, Taiwan funded enterprises are also gradually increasing

however, the problems of Jiangsu packaging machinery industry are basically the same as those of the national packaging machinery industry. It is obvious that: first, there are not many enterprises with large production scale and high-grade products, many enterprises with small production scale and little difference, and there is a lack of leading enterprises; Second, there are not many products with high technical content, characteristics and advantages, many products that tend to be similar but of low grade, and there is a lack of famous brand products

IV. thoughts on the development of China's packaging machinery industry

first, we should clarify the development direction of China's packaging machinery industry. It is estimated that the output of packaging machinery in China will increase to 670000 sets by 2005 and 930000 sets by 2010. However, it is not feasible to rely on simple repetition, expand the production quantity, and extend to the upstream and downstream. China's packaging machinery industry must take the road of professional production. We should develop medium and high-end equipment, strive to improve the technical content, refine, specialize and strengthen our products, and rely on technological progress to enhance the development of the industry

at present, countries all over the world attach great importance to the development of packaging machinery, and high-tech products integrating machinery, electricity, gas, light, biology and magnetism continue to emerge. High efficiency of production, high utilization of resources, energy conservation of products, practicality of high and new technology and commercialization of scientific research achievements have become the world

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